Their article summarizes the use of nanomaterials in energy harvesting and storage devices for autonomous wearable electronics
Portable electronic devices are getting smaller and more complex. As a result, it became difficult to provide them with enough energy. In a recent study, scientists from Pusan National University provide an update on the latest developments in energy harvesting and storage technology for wearable devices, with a focus on nanomaterials and their assembly in various large-scale structures. Their work aims to accelerate the design of wearable technologies and shape their future demands.
Wearable electronic devices have come a long way in recent years, unlocking new applications in health, fitness monitoring, data collection, communication, and more. However, the natural progression towards smaller, lighter, more complex and multi-functional portable devices has also made it more difficult to supply these devices with suitable power sources. Fortunately, research is being conducted on different methods to meet the power needs of next-generation portable devices.
There are many different ways to harvest the energy in portable devices and convert it into electricity. Some of the most promising mechanisms include biomechanical energy harvesters, which harvest energy from the natural movements of the human body, biothermal energy harvesters, which generate electricity from body heat, and solar cells laptops. The article also looks at energy storage technologies, such as portable batteries and supercapacitors, and hybrid devices, which combine multiple forms of energy harvesting and/or storage in a single package.
In particular, the review focuses on how different types of nanomaterials can be used in 1D, 2D, and 3D structures and configurations for energy harvesting and storage, highlighting the main advantages and limitations of each. “Our comprehensive overview of nanomaterials and their properties, advanced processes, optimized structural design and integration strategies for energy devices will contribute to the practical deployment of power systems that can be used in wearable devices in the near future.notes Dr. Lee.
Taken together, this work is expected to help shape future demand for autonomous wearables, which will include smartphones, watches, eyewear, tattoos, textiles, e-skin sensors, and health devices. Dr. Lee concludes by highlighting important research directions to accelerate the development of wearable technology:Further studies should focus on the refinement of nanoscale materials, structures, and interfaces, develop appropriate macroscale device configurations suitable for specific applications, and propose integration strategies to combine synergizes multiple energy recovery and storage units to achieve reliable operation.”
Hopefully, the review article will help bring researchers up to date and inspire new ideas, accelerating the development of wearable electronics and eventually integrating them into our daily lives.
Original Article Title: Recent Advances in Sustainable Portable Energy Devices with Nanoscale Materials and Macroscale Structures
Newspaper: Advanced functional materials
About Pusan National University
Pusan National University, located in Busan, South Korea, was founded in 1946 and today is the no. 1 national university in South Korea in research and educational competence. The multi-campus university also has other smaller campuses in Yangsan, Miryang and Ami. The university prides itself on the principles of truth, freedom, and service and has approximately 30,000 students, 1,200 professors, and 750 faculty members. The university is made up of 14 colleges (schools) and an independent division, with 103 departments in total.
About the authors
Dr. Hyun Kim is a senior researcher at the Division of Advanced Materials, Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology.
Professor Ha Beom Lee is an assistant professor at the School of Mechanical Engineering, Pusan National University, Korea.
Prof. Seung Hwan Ko is a professor at the Applied Nano & Thermal Science (ANTS) laboratory, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Seoul National University, Korea. Prior to joining Seoul National University, he was a faculty member at KAIST.